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Bible : N.T. Greek text with critical apparatus

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Bible : N.T. Greek text with critical apparatus

Published 1904
Topics Bible

Publisher London : British and Foreign Bible Society
Pages 692
Possible copyright status NOT_IN_COPYRIGHT
Language English
Call number AMZ-0853
Digitizing sponsor MSN
Book contributor Trinity College - University of Toronto
Collection trinitycollege; toronto

Full catalog record MARCXML

[Open Library icon]This book has an editable web page on Open Library.


Reviewer: dhermanson - favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite - December 11, 2015
Subject: Personal Apologetics in Place of Reviews
This work is a competent scholarly attempt to provide a transparently reasoned N.T. text drawing upon ancient sources - all of which show evidence of copyist mistakes and changes. When Nestle chooses, he makes his choice plain. Is it perfect? No, but no human effort is perfect. Is it competent? Very. Can it be improved? Yes, successive editions have further improved the critical apparatus and revised a few of the choices made. If you can't afford the latest edition, this is an acceptable alternative.

We are told in Mat. 18:20 that Jesus said, "...where two or three have met together in my name, I will be among them" [NEB]. What is very clear from these supposed reviews is that wherever two or three fundamentalists are found, a verbose controversy is in the making.

The simple fact is that the Nestle-Aland (a later edition of this work) is used by thousands of scholars and students around the world for the study of biblical history and N.T. theology. The reason why is simple. Nestle, and the later editions have clear, concise apparatus to identify the sources of the text, significant variants and language that is obscure. The fact that it is based on an examination of multiple ancient sources is it strength.

Those unwilling to accept the historical fact that we do not have pristine original texts underlying the N.T. have the option of choosing from among hundreds of variants, or may choose to fix upon the translation of their choice. If you want to give a review, of course you have that option, but must you use review space to argue ad nauseum and proselytise?
Reviewer: SitchinLied - favorite - March 12, 2013
Subject: It's only if you care...about your own soul
In contrast to the myths and the errant Greek manuscripts that Nestle used ( and persuaded others yearning for acceptance to use – see further below), The material and documentation of Gail Riplinger ;. who wrote about New Age Bible Versions and her Free videos ;. should be mandatory for all those who call themselves followers of Jesus Christ, and also for those who aspire to truth, or who are seeking accurate answers ; about the Bible, whether you agree with her or not.
Truth – real actual, outside-of-yourself, objective truth – God's Truth, has nothing to be afraid of. Some messages and facts are larger than the messenger, and this is true in Gail's case also. So if truth upsets you, or you are working for a spirit-guide, then fall back asleep, but only at your own risk. There are forces that DO NOT want you to WAKE UP. They do not want you to THINK. They do NOT want you to ASK QUESTIONS. You are involved in spiritual warfare, just by reading.

I will not tell you that Gail is perfect, but who is ? I would prefer a flawed human, who actually wants to do what is right, who tries to do gurnall ; what is right, and who is trying to catch up on history, manuscript studies ; paleography, study of ancient Greek ; or Hebrew ; ... I would prefer someone MAKE the attempt ; and fail, rather than be like most pew-warming FALSE christians;, millions of whom; are surely headed for a lake of fire, while telling themselves ; that that they are saved ; offering not the slightest proof nor demonstration of this, who have no conscience, no understanding of the Bible, no ability to know, learn or discern what is the theology of God, versus what are false theologies.

If you assert that you have the status of being regenerated or Christian, and you actually are NOT (a Christian in the eyes and evaluation of God, who actually does know your spiritual state) , then the assertion does NOT make you a Christian ;. It simply means that your claims to be a christian are part of your own self-deception ;. The New Testament refers to those hundreds of millions of people as being part of the great falling away. Be sure you know who you are trusting ;

The old debates used to be about Christianity ; versus other religions. Now the issue is about What KIND of Christianity one has. And there is now MUCH more occultism ;, [ spiritism ; = demon possession] far more plain [[ demonic material, (SRA)]]; and much more FALSE miracles – You-Tube ;. [[ FALSE signs and wonders ]]; and many people who are simply possessed who are now simply part of their so-called [[ counterfeit local ]]; congregations. They are also among those who will take a mark on their right hand or forehead soon enough, and they will also believe the soon arriving false Messiah ; who rules from ;. Rome ; from Babylon ; . (Layard);. or Jerusalem ;. and whose plan involves getting through the time of Jacob's Trouble ;, (which is projected to be around seven years ;.). True Christians already know, as soon as you try to do what is right, as soon as you try to actually have a ministry, and especially if you are critical of other ;. ministries ;which are false ; or antiscriptural, ;, (Bickle, etc) you can be sure that spiritual forces will be evident in your life to begin resisting what you are doing, to s l o w you down and to stop your work, your ministry, your efforts and any results you might have hoped for.

This is why we are told to contend EARNESTLY ; for the true faith. Gail is not That rare truth-teller C Cumbey ;, nor as controversial as another Christian, Kay Griggs ;. (who tells the truth about leaders that Christians should have the courage to hear), nor quite as focused in her approach as the reliable historian Richard ;. Bennett ;. However the forces that Gail describes are real, their falsehoods are revealed here ;. also ;, for example, the work of the apostate false translator Kittel ;. ( Who admitted that he rejected the Old Testament, the claims of Jesus, and therefore the New Testament also ) ;.

So it is no wonder that wherever truth ; has actually managed to survive, there are many forces attempting to distract ;. and prevent people from even watching ;, or learning, so they can make up their own mind, for themselves. There are good teachers here, and the material ; that is contained ; in her ;. book ; about New Age versions remains accurate. Westcott and Hort despised Christians, and especially evangelicals. That reality seems to false evangelical leaders ; [ including Seminary professors ; and many Pastors ; ( false shepherds ; ) ] to use Westcott-Hort ;material , sources, and books (including false ancient greek texts) but only if the congregations are not informed of the the sources ;. of the material.

Is it possible that It is up to you, personally and individually, to consciously know what you believe spiritually, and know and find out for a fact what is true spiritually, and what is not true ? Yes, so If you get that part of your understanding of the Universe wrong;, you alone will pay the consequences;. This is WHY people who care about you tell you, and ask you, and recommend to you, that you read the Bible, often starting in the New Testament with the Gospel of John ( which is often a good place to start). If anyone told you not to worry about genuine spiritual accuracy, if a priest or pastor told you that you do not have to worry about it, then you were lied to ;– at that very moment. Now you and your eternity (and where you will spend it) hangs in the balance.

You are entirely 100% totally liable for every decision you make about whether to find God or reject Him, and whether to seek truth or not. A decision to ignore the data will simply be a definitely wrong decision. God knows you read these words, and He reads your heart, your mind and your thoughts. Chose what you want, but know that that you will have the consequences of your choice. Freedom of choice, means that YOU get the freedom to chose, your eternal destiny, and how to alter that destiny, if you chose. Freedom of choice means you chose and then you are also collecting the consequences of your choice. So chose wisely.

I cannot specifically speak to Gail's later material, but as for the 4 videos about versions of the Old and New Testaments, they are on track. Those videos (mp4) need to be watched by anyone in ministry, and anyone seeking truth. Certainly it is SAD that most pastors are too afraid, too gutless, too many cowards for most of them to personally study or deal with theses issues.

I guess for them, Jesus told them to go out into the world and preach the gospel, UNLESS ---> it was controversial, unless ---> they had to take a risk, unless ---> they valued their paycheck more than Jesus, unless ---> they might upset their main financial church contributor [isn't that idolatry, placing that individual ABOVE Jesus Christ, as the ruler of THAT local church ??? Chosing between Jesus or Mamon (love of money), is the choice that hard, really ? if you are truly a real and authentic Christian ??? ]

Many pastors and even youth leaders are uncomfortable reading this right now, because they know this is true, and many of them are recognizing the truth about their Seniour Pastors. You are being led by those who are VERY willing to lead you astray ;, by departing from the New Testament. There is a subtle seduction by which the junior leadership ; in churches are both pressured and seduced into SILENCE, so that Pastors are NOT confronted Biblically, which they should be by other leaders in the church, and so the entire church is compromised, first by the Senior leadership, but then further by the OTHER leaders (even Laymen leaders) who refuse to stand for truth, and are willing to put their own congregation in the way of HARM, in many ways and on many levels. To act in that manner is a betrayal of their office and a further betrayal of Jesus Christ. And for many, You KNOW this applies to You and your choices. You know who you are ;.

Do yourself and your spiritual future a favor: REVERSE your stand, get some guts, repent ;
of your own betrayal of Jesus through compromised leadership, compromised leadership ; and START doing the right thing, by confronting FALSE and wrong leaders in the church and congregations you are. Jesus rocked the boat, every day that he woke up and taught TRUTH and commitment to God.

When Pastoring becomes about the money, and when Seminaries professors are paid high salaries, given tenure, comfort and status, they seem to STOP caring ; about the spiritual wellbeing of those they are supposed to be helping ;. And that seems to happen real fast, (and even faster in official or state sponsored or state funded churches or denominations).

Yes, the road to hell, paved with good intentions ;, and full of pretty sights, sounds, and counterfeit ;. signs and wonders ; apparently runs through the doors and sanctuary of many churches, as Gail and her material has demonstrated and documented. Now if you feel comfortable, enough to ignore BOTH the information, and the steps needed to inform yourself, then I guess you have just declared where your allegiance is, and is not. Don't worry, Free drugs, Free demons ;. and a little mark needed to buy and sell ;. will be actually really here shortly to minister to your short term needs. Let those who think that modern versions are authentic, deal with the actual questions raised, and then test themselves against the results. Those who truly believe that they have the truth have nothing to fear. On the other hand, being deceived, and having mistakenly chosen (consciously or not) to believe falsehoods ; by your seminary-trained Pastors ;,THAT may have an impact on your eternal understanding, reaching far beyond your current perception. Some people wanted God to take His hands and control off the planet. He should no longer interfere, but let humans show ;that they can actually run and direct the planet ;, without God ;. Very soon, that ; will be the reality.

He is no fool who gives up that which he cannot keep, in order to gain that which he cannot lose. It is time to give up the old idols of professor-worship, and the comfort of official church salaries. Honor God instead of seeking your own material comfort, even under the guise of seeking pastorates. Don't compromise on truth-seeking just because you are longing to be recognized as a young leader. Take time to know God. Give Him a chance to show what He can do in your life. Study the lives of those who came before you. Time seems to be in short supply. Seek truth. Ask God to help you.

Reviewer: validdays - - October 2, 2012
Subject: So If Nestle's text is new and false, then who is better ?
Care to do serious study and ask hard questions ??

For those who are interested in spiritual depth and personal spiritual growth, a few other books may be of real help to you. [ Free in all formats, including PDF and Kindle]

For the issues of Today’s church, a few works about the Modern dangers of some of the excesses found in many the Charismatic or other groups may inform you about the origins, the roots, the theology and the implications of some of these new streams of spirituality, such as:

[ Anointing - or Apostasy ? The Latter Rain Legacy by Charles Graves].

[ Latter Rain (and other Branham inspired charismatic ) movement by Jewel van der Merwe) ].

[ A Planned Deception, the staging of a New Age Messiah) ].
(or see the Historic perspetive on who is the real Messiah)

[ Who is the Messiah proved from the Ancient Scriptures) ].

[ The Affiliation of New Evangelicals with Apostasy].

[ What is Apostasy by M de Semlyen].

[ A LITTLE HISTORY - [ Truth about ] The Shepherding Movement].

[ Problems with the Sacred Name movement ].

(( Please note that NOT ALL Charismatic or Pentecostal groups or churches are bad or teach errant doctrine. [some change or improve 4 the better].. However it is important to check on the details of where you worship, fellowship and learn, so that you can be sure that you are receiving sound doctrine (Titus 1:9 and not those in Tim 4: 3-4). ))

For the history of Biblical teachings, (also known as Doctrine), some of the works of George Stanley Faber (and others) may be of encouragement.

[ The difficulties of infidelity (1835) – GSF- George Stanley Faber ].

[ peculiarities of the Latin church evinced to be untenable – GSF ].

[ A practical treatise on the ordinary operations of the Holy Spirit (1814) – GSF ].

[ The new life in Christ Jesus ].

For those interested in the deeper background of the Old Testament scripture [ keep in mind that 40% to 60% of the New Testament is the Old Testament requoted]. Everything done in the New Testament is still being done in relation to the Old Testament. ( Note: Those who know almost nothing about the Old Testament section of the Bible would do well to start reading and re-reading both in the book of Psalms and the book of Proverbs).

[ A Treatise On The Origin Of Expiatory Sacrifice (1827) – GSF].
[ The Temple, its ministry and services as they were at the time of Jesus Christ].
[ The hope of Israel [microform] what is it (MAURO)].

The issue of Bible versions still remains popular and a subject for study:

[ The English Revisers' [Wescott - Hort] Greek Text - Shown to be Unauthorized, Except by false [errant] Egyptian Copies Discarded].

[ The traditional text of the Holy Gospels vindicated and established].

[ The books of the Old and New Testaments proved to be true, accurate and canonical, and their verbal inspiration maintained].

[ The evidence and authority of divine revelation – 01 – Haldane ].

[ The evidence and authority of divine revelation - 02 – Haldane].

[ A Plea for the [Inspiration and] Canon of Scripture ( Bible) by the Bible Society].

[ Secret History of the Oxford Movement [Evangelicals in England induced to defect to Rome] [i.e. Westcott & Hort]].

[ Pope Benedict's Denunciation ].

[ Evangelicals Embark to Papal Rome].

[ The revision revised - Westcott and Hort's new textual theory].

[ Divine inspiration; or, The supernatural influence exerted in the communication of divine truth-HENDERSON].

[ The question discussed, Shall the whole word of God be given to the heathen -HENDERSON].

[ Hidden history of the Greek New Testament].

[ The Authorised Bible and Modern Versions – by M De Semlyen ].

[ History of the Oxford Movement toward Rome – by Daubigne, Merle D'Aubigne].

[ Rome's First Ecumenical Saint (2010)].

[ Pope and Political Activities Worldwide].

[ Pope Benedict XVI at Lourdes].

History of Christianity in Europe and its impact on the World
In English– by Daubigne, Merle D'Aubigne

01;[ Vol 01].; 02; [ Vol 02].; 03; [ Vol 03].04; [ Vol 04].

05; [ Vol 05].; 06; [ Vol 06]. 07; [ Vol 07].08; [ Vol 08].

[ Which Version by Philip Mauro ].

[ The World and its God ].

[ The number of man, the climax of civilization].

[ The Authorised Bible and Modern Versions by M De Semlyen].

[ How the [false] higher criticism [almost] wrecked a Christian-and how he came back ].

[ Luther - Watchwords for the warfare of life ].

[ Luther and Tyndale – The untold Story ].

[ Luther - The ninety-five theses and the 3 primary works].

--- concerning the Apocrypha --- (see also the section under versions, since the issue of versions [ which version of the OT – NT to use] also involves the issue of which books belong in the Bible [called Canonization]. Many books on versions therefore also deal with the issue of which books belong in the Bible, or which ones do not ).

The issues of the printing of the Apocrypha has been somewhat addressed in the following works:
For those interested in the issues concerning the Apocrypha (declared even by Jerome to not be part of scripture), the following books may give you some information and historic information:

[ Vindications (about BFBS) of the Proceedings of the Bible Society Concerning the Apocrypha].

[ Revealed: the conduct of the directors of the British and Foreign Bible Society [ BFBS ] concerning the Apocrypha].

[ A Plea for the [Inspiration and] Canon of Scripture].

[ Statement of the Bible Society concerning the Apocrypha].


Other works about Church History may be interesting:

[ Evidence of Holy Scripture and the Eary Church, Against the Invocation of Saints, Angels, and Mary].

For those interested in Current Events (nwo) , the work of Attorney C Cumbey may be of interest

[ Hidden Dangers [to your body and actual soul] of the New Age movement].
(Note: No, if you ignore the problem, it still will not go away ).

[ Rome and the European Union - M de Semlyen ].

[ Biblical Unity or Conformity to Rome? M de Semlyen ].

[ The number of man 6-6-6 ].

The work of Scofield . and Darby . is beyond this posting. But their work . is sometimes presented as controversial beause of their success. and their [ orthodoxy].. (In other words, they lined up with the overwhelming majority of the historic doctrines of Christianity. Many still do not know this, simply bcause they have not read their works.)

For those who have an interest in the Geneva Bile or the King James,

The historic KJV (1611) version in English can be found [ here] . ; . A very good dictionary for the study of the English language is the work of Webster, dicionario [[ Volume 1 ]] . ; [[ Volume 2 ]] . ; .

[ Translators of the King James Bible Version of 1611 ].

Geneva Bible - Genewa Biblii - Genf Bibel - Ginebra Biblia –1560
(Geneva Bible (English) ) . ;


The New Testament in Koine Greek, Modern Greek, Hebrew, Persian, Central Asia, Arabic, Italian, Turkish, Hungarian, Spanish, Pakistan, Sanskrit

Ancient New Testament in [ accurate] Koine Greek – Classic Edition

[ The True and accurate Koine ancient Greek New Testament ].

Modern Greek,

For the version in Modern Greek , here are the links.

[[[ # 1 ]]] . ; [[[ # 2]]] . ; [[[ # 3 ]]]. ; [[[ # 4]]]. ; [[[ # 5]]]. ; [[[# 6]]]. ; [[[# 7]]]. ; [[[#8]]]. ; [[[ # 9]]]. ;
[[[ # 10]]] . ; [[[ # 11]]] . ; [[[ # 12]]] . ; [[[ # 13]]]. ; [[[ #14]]]. ; [[[ #15]]]. ; [[[#16]]]. ; [[[# 17]]]. ; [[[#18]]]. ; [[[ # 19]]]. ;
[[[ # 20]]] . ; [[[ # 21]]] . ; [[[ # 22]]] . ; [[[ # 23-25]]]. ; [[[ # 26]]]. ; [[[ # 27]]]. ;


Hebrew Hebraic Jewish New Testament - Nouveau Testament Juif Hebreu

[[[ # 1 ]]] . ; [[[ # 2]]] . ; [[[ # 3 ]]]. ; [[[ # 4]]]. ; [[[ # 5]]]. ; [[[# 6]]]. ; [[[# 7]]]. ; [[[#8]]]. ;


Persian New Testament - Nouveau Testament persan [Perse - Iran] - Farsça Yeni Ahit - Nuevo Testamento persa - Persisch Neuen Testament - Testamento Novo persa

[[[ # 1 ]]] . ; [[[ # 2]]] . ; [[[ # 3 ]]]. ; [[[ # 4]]]. ; [[[ # 5]]]. ; [[[# 6]]]. ; [[[# 7]]]. ; [[[#8]]]. ; [[[ # 9]]]. ;

Central Asia,

New Testament azerbaijan – Central Asia . Caucasus – Arabic Script - Nouveau Testament Asie Centrale - nieuwe testament Centraal-Azie - Neuen Testament Zentralasien . - Новый Завет в Центральной Азии

[[(( # 1 ))]] (Matthew) ;
[[(( # 2 ))]] (Marc) . ; [[(( # 3 ))]] (Luke) . ; [[(( # 4 ))]] (John) . ; [[(( # 5 ))]] (Acts) . ; [[(( # 6 ))]] (Romans) . ; [[(( # 19 ))]] (hebr) . ; [[(( # 20 ))]] (James) . ; [[(( # 21 ))]] ( I Peter) . ; [[(( # 22 ))]] (II Peter) . ; [[(( # 23 - # 24 - # 25 ))]] (I John, II John, III John) . ; [[(( # 26 ))]] (Jude) . ; [[(( # 27 ))]] (Revelation) . ;

[ Arabic New Testament 1867 Van Dyck Original - COMPLETE EDITION ].


[ Italian New Testament ].


Turkish New Testament -Turk Yeni Ahit - Neuen Testaments in turkischer (news) .v- Nuevo Testamento en turco- Nouveau Testament en turc - Nieuwe Testament in het Turks -

((( # 1 ))) . ; ((( # 2 ))) . ; ((( # 3 ))). ; ((( # 4 ))). ; ((( # 5 ))). ; ((( # 6 ))). ; ((( # 7 ))). ; ((( #8 ))). ; ((( # 9))). ; ((( # 10 ))). ; ((( # 12 ))). ;

[ Prophecy and history Messiah by Edersheim (1885) ].

Hungarian -
For the version in Hungarian, here are the links.

[[[ # 1 ]]] . ; [[[ # 2]]] . ; [[[ # 3 ]]]. ; [[[ # 4]]]. ; [[[ # 5]]]. ; [[[# 6]]]. ; [[[# 7]]]. ; [[[#8]]]. ; [[[ # 9]]]. ;
[[[ # 10]]] . ; [[[ # 11]]] . ; [[[ # 12]]] . ; [[[ # 13]]]. ; [[[ #14]]]. ; [[[#16]]]. ; [[[# 17]]]. ; [[[#18]]]. ; [[[ # 19]]]. ;
[[[ # 20]]] . ; [[[ # 21]]] . ; [[[ # 22]]] . ; [[[ # 23-25]]]. ; [[[ # 26]]]. ; [[[ # 27]]]. ;

Spanish, Espagnol, Espanol - Cipriano de Valera, Casiodoro de Reina – Actual original Edition

[[[ The 1602 Reina Valera NT version - nuevo (novo) testamento (original text) ]]]. ;

[ Pakistan]. Urdu

Vol 01 [ Pakistan – India - Urdu - Vol 01 ].; Vol 02 [ Pakistan – India - Urdu - Vol 02 ].; Vol 03 [ Pakistan – India - Urdu - Vol 03 ].; Vol 04 [ Pakistan – India - Urdu - Vol 04 ]. ;


[ English and Mandarin Chinese ].

[ New Testament, in plain Wenli (1898) [Litterary mandarin Chinese] Schereschewsky].

[ plain Wenli (1898) [Litterary mandarin Chinese].

[ New Testament – Chinese Cantonese- English and Canton colloquial (1908) ].

HINDUstanni / Hindi

[ The New Testament in the Hindustani language (1842)].


For the version in Sanscrit,

There are 4 Volumes in this edition. Here are the links.

The Holy bible in the Sanscrit language (1848) Vol 1.
The Holy bible in the Sanscrit language (1848) Vol 2.
The Holy bible in the Sanscrit language (1848) Vol 3.
The Holy bible in the Sanscrit language (1848) Vol 4.

The Old Testament in Hebrew - Hebreu

El Salterio; (1880)

(El Salterio (Psalms - Spanish and Hebrew) ) . ;

The Old Testament in Spanish

[ La Biblia- Que Es Los Sacros Libros Del Vieio ].

[ The life and times of Jesus the Messiah (1886) 01) ].

[ The life and times of Jesus the Messiah (1886) 02) ].

Modern Greek Old Testament

[[[ # 1 - Genesis ]]] . ; [[[ # 2 - Exodus]]] . ; [[[ # 3 ]]]. ; [[[ # 4]]]. ; [[[ # 5]]]. ; [[[# 6]]]. ; [[[# 7-8]]]. ; [[[ # 9]]]. ;
[[[ # 10 ]]] . ; [[[ # 11 ]]] . ; [[[ # 12]]] . ; [[[ # 13 ]]]. ; [[[ # 14]]]. ; [[[ # 15-17]]]. ; [[[#18]]]. ; [[[ # 19 - Psalms ]]]. ;
[[[ # 20 - Proverbs ]]] . ; [[[ # 21-22 ]]] . ; [[[ # 23 ]]]. ; [[[ # 24-25 Jeremiah ]]]. ; [[[# 26-27 Ezekiel Daniel ]]]. ; [[[# 28-39 (Hosea Joel Amos...) ]]].


Version 01

[ 1875 Chinese Mandarin Easy Wenli [Chinois ] Old Testament of Schereschewsky ].

Version 02

Old Testament (and new) in Chinese

Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments - Chinese literary language [1902] Schereschewsky

[ Old and New Testaments - Chinese literary language [1902] Schereschewsky ].

The Old Testament in Hebrew Manuscript, classic edition of 1524-25 [ben chayyim] of Printed by Daniel Bomberg

Available here The Second Rabbinic Bible - ben Hayyim ibn Adonijah

Vol 01, [ The 1524-25 Second Rabbinic Bible – Vol 01 ].
Vol 02, [ The 1524-25 Second Rabbinic Bible – Vol 02 ].
Vol 03, [ The 1524-25 Second Rabbinic Bible – Vol 03 ].
Vol 04 [ The 1524-25 Second Rabbinic Bible – Vol 04 ].

Which Hebrew Manuscripts are best, better known as the classic by C.D. Ginsburg in 2 Volumes:

Introduction to the Masoretico-critical edition of the Hebrew Bible 01

Books by Ginsburg (who also translated the Hebrew New Testament) :

( Introduction to the Massoretico-critical edition of the Hebrew Bible - Vol # 1 ) . ; ( Vol # 2 ) . ;

For additional information on Jesus being the Messiah, written by Alfred Edersheim (Oxford), see The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah

[[ Edersheim - Vol 01 ]]. ; [[ Edersheim - Vol 02 ]]. ;

[ Prophecy and history in relation to the Messiah by Edersheim (1885)]. ; ( The Temple - its ministry and services as they were at the time of Jesus Christ by Edersheim ) . ; [ History of the Jewish nation - after the destruction of Jerusalem under Titus by Edersheim ]. ; [ The old paths, or The Talmud tested by Scripture ].[ HEBREW EDITION of The old paths, or The Talmud tested by Scripture ---- Netivot olam = Di Ali shegin (1876) ].

For other books (archeology – forensics – evidence) concerning the Tabernacle of the Children of Israel under Moses, or for
information about the Second Temple, see the work of Caldecott
[ The Tabernacle; its history and structure (1904) ]. ; [ The second temple in Jerusalem - history and its structure ]. ; [[[ Pentateuch - Historic accuracy of ]]]. ;

The Lost 10 Tribes

This specific mention is not for those who want to believe conclusions WITHOUT evidence, or for those who simply want to believe that “ they ” are the lost tribes. The following accounts below [eyewitness acounts by scholars ] would be for those who are actually seeking truth, accuracy, and historic evidence, and cmparing that with a detailed study of scripture. These are eyewitness accounts about those who actually found the Lost tribes and spoke to them. These books should all be read together, if possible, as the contents each tell of different events.

[ The remnant found, or, The place of Israel's hiding discovered ... (1841)].

[ Dr. Grant and the Mountain Nestorians By Thomas Laurie].

[ Missionary Researches in Armenia- Including a Journey Through Asia Minor - 1834].

[ The Nestorians - or, The lost tribes: containing evidence of their identity(1841)].

[ An appeal on behalf of the Jews scattered in India, Persia, and Arabia (1840)].

[ Ethiopia in exile- Jamaica revisited].

[ The history of the ten lost tribes; Anglo-Israelism examined (1915)].

Jewish Populations in Africa [offsite] – who are the lemba ?

[ The Story of the Lemba People - Rudo Mathivha - ].
[ the lemba – wiki ].
[ The Lemba, a black southern African tribe- Jewish ancestry- PBS Nova].


Sound & Solid Commentaries on the Old Testament: Ebenezer Henderson

[ Commentary - The book of the prophet Jeremiah and that of the Lamentations - Henderson].

[ Commentary - The book of the prophet Isaiah - Henderson].

[ Commentary - book of the prophet Ezekiel - translated from the original Hebrew- Henderson].

[ Commentary - The book of the twelve Minor prophets - translated from the original Hebrew- Henderson].

[ Memoir of the Rev E Henderson including his labours in Denmark, Iceland, Russia, etc].

Michael DeSemlyen

[ TheRoots Of Apostasy By M DeSemlyen].

[ Jesus is coming = What is the Rapture ? ( Will millions of people be Snatched away) ].

[ What do the Prophets Say ? Prophecy and the Old Testament].

ECF (Early Church Fathers) on the Trinity

[ Testimonies (evidence) of the Early Church Fathers (ECF) Anti Nicene Fathers - to the Holy Trinity ].

ECF (Early Church Fathers) on the deity of Jesus

[ Testimonies (evidence) of the Early Church Fathers (ECF) Anti Nicene Fathers - to the True Divinity of Christ].


[ Truth and accuracy of Old Testament and New Testament scripture records – Archeology - Oxford].

[[[ Issues in N.T. O.T. Canonization - Historic ]]] . ;

[ Real Salvation byTorrey ].

[ How to Study the Bible by R A Torrey ].

[ problems with the Sacred Name movement].



[ the British and Foreign Bible Society relative to the Apocrypha].


[ The Bible of the Reformation - its translators and their work].
[ Lex, rex].



[ The causes of the corruption of the traditional text of the Holy Gospels].

[ The last twelve verses of the Gospel according to S. Mark vindicated].
[ The disestablishment of religion in Oxford, the betrayal of a sacred trust].
[ The first chapter of Genesis : a reply and a postscript].
[ A guide to the textual criticism of the New Testament (Burgon-Miller) ].
[ The canon [TRUE BOOKS] of the Old and New Testaments determined; or The Bible complete without the Apocrypha and unwritten traditions].
[ An historical account, and defence, of the canon of the New Testament. In answer to Amyntor (1700)
[ The Canon of the New Testament vindicated in answer to the objections of J.T. in his Amyntor].


[ A vindication of 1 John, 5. 7 from the objections of M. Griesbach and his false version].


History of the Karaite [non-talmudic orthodox ] Jews (1870)

As the Karaites affirm: Nothing with them is authoritative which is not Divine. God only is to them the fountain of authority. They profess a willingness to submit to Him, and to submit at any cost. This is the normal principle of Karaism. They state that they pay unbounded reverence to the Written Law of God, contained in the Old Testament. They utterly reject what is called the Oral Law, and is now contained in the Talmud. This is an interesting contrast to what passes for traditional Orthodox Judaism, which is very different from simply following the Old testament. This is not what orthodox Judaism is these days.

Today it has degenerated mostly into occult talmudic Judaism with the constant study of the Talmudic occultism [ which seems to have a rather close resemblance to much material found in The Two Babylons by Hislop] . In the same way that those in Islam should compare the characteristics of Allah with those of Almighty God, those who are Othodox talmudic occultic Rabbis should be willing to compare their worship of their “First Cause” with the God of the Old Testament.

[ History of the Karaite Jews (1870)].

By Edersheim (Oxford):

[ The life and times of Jesus the Messiah (1886) 01) ].

[ The life and times of Jesus the Messiah (1886) 02) ].

There are many resources. here. If you are deceived or led astray, it is only your fault and you are the one to blame. We are each responsiblefor. our own spiritual path, and the information and learning we chose to epose ourselves to, or deny or ignore or postpone. Like everything else, your spiritual connection and walk with God is what You make of it. The Bible is filled with information. [ not disclosed or talked about in Churches]..You have to read the New Testament for yourself. [ the Gospel of John is a good place to start, and remember to use a good, histori and accurate version. It is not what you “theoretically” want to do, or wish to do, that counts. If you are deceived spiritually, what difference will it make, that you “were going to study” or you were “ going to learn” ? Will you be... any less deceived, because you were going to [in the future] actually invest the time in yourself to learn ???

Take the time and learn n-o-w, while you can.

Do you remember the words of scripture :

II Timothy 2: 15 Study [ STUDY !!! ] to show thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly [RIGHTLY] dividing the word of truth.
16 But shun profane and vain babblings: for they will increase unto more ungodliness.

II Timothy 2:19 Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity.
20 But in a great house there are not only vessels of gold and of silver, but also of wood and of earth; and some to honour, and some to dishonour.
21 If a man therefore purge himself from these, he shall be a vessel unto honour, sanctified, and meet for the master's use, and prepared unto every good work.
22 Flee also youthful lusts: but follow righteousness, faith, charity, peace, with them that call on the Lord out of a pure heart.

Its what you actually [ ACTUALLY !!! ] do, what you actually[ ACTUALLY !!! ] study. Stop waiting for others to help you, and start helping yourself. The day will soon come when none of this may be around, and then all you will have is what you know, in your head, in your own mind.

Pray for yourself that you will wake up from your coma, that you would have a love of God, a love of His true and authentic Word (Bible), a deep desire to study the Word, and that God would show you how to have the spiritual and personal inner strength for these times. Pray that you would not waste your time, but that you would value and do what God wants you to do and value., and that HE would help you find the answers you are looking for.

What people MUST believe about God, in order to find Him and why Faith in God is neccessary ------- Hebrews 11: 6 But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him.

To restate the obvious:
YOU = “ he that cometh to God “
1) that he is, [ That God exists] , and
2) that he is a rewarder of them that diligently [ DILIGENTLY !!! ] seek him.

Luke 21: 8
8 And he said, Take heed that ye be not deceived: for many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and the time draweth near: go ye not therefore after them.

II Thess 2
10 And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness ... because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved.

( what did they receive not ? This means that there is something that certain ones chose not to receive. What is that ?? )


Example: what they often don’t talk about in church:

Titus 2: 1
2:1 But speak thou the things which become sound doctrine:
2 That the aged men be sober, grave, temperate, sound in faith, in charity, in patience.
3 The aged women likewise, that they be in behaviour as becometh holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things;
4 That they may teach the young women to be sober, to love their husbands, to love their children,
5 To be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed.
6 Young men likewise exhort to be sober minded.
7 In all things showing thyself a pattern of good works: in doctrine showing uncorruptness, gravity, sincerity,
8 Sound speech, that cannot be condemned; that he that is of the contrary part may be ashamed, having no evil thing to say of you.
9 Exhort servants to be obedient unto their own masters, and to please them well in all things; not answering again;
10 Not purloining, but showing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.
11 For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men,
12 Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world;
13 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;


Obviously, the links will only take you to the pages for the Free PDF. What you download is your choice.

Reviewer: shejoy - favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite - December 20, 2011
Subject: Grateful thanks
Having just started to study New Testament Greek (Vine's - you can learn New Testament Greek) and being required to obtain Nestle's Greek Testament published by the British and Foreign Bible Society, I am very grateful to have found this book on line.
Reviewer: Spanos - favorite - February 17, 2011
Subject: Historia
Mucha gente sabe sobre el periodo de tiempo de la Reforma, (la lucha por los derechos humanos y la democracia en los anos 1500 y 1600). A veces, la lucha por los derechos (en contra de la jerarquia del Vaticano y de los aristocratas) parece omitido en el contexto historico global. Aqui esta una lista de algunos de los libros sobre el crecimiento de la lucha por la libertad de conciencia y la libertad en Espana. Hay trabajo en varios volumenes sobre la Reforma en Espana, como Antiguos Reformistas Espanoles,


Muitas pessoas sabem sobre o periodo da Reforma, (a luta pelos direitos humanos e da democracia nos anos 1500 e 1600). As vezes, a luta pelos direitos (contra a hierarquia do Vaticano e os aristocratas) parece omitido a partir do contexto historico global. Aqui esta uma lista de alguns dos livros sobre o crescimento da luta pela liberdade de consciencia e liberdade na Espanha. Ha multi-volume de trabalho sobre a Reforma na Espanha, como espanoles Antiguos Reformistas,


There are multi-volume work on the Reformation in Spain, such as Reformistas antiguos espanoles, [[ Vol -Tomo # 3]] . ; [[ Vol -Tomo # 4]] . ; [[ Vol -Tomo # 5 ]]. ; [[ Vol -Tomo # 6]]. ; [[ Vol -Tomo # 7]]. ; [[ Vol -Tomo # 12]]. ;

[[ Instrucion Cristiana para los ninos ]] . ; [[ El cielo - Donde esta; sus habitantes ]] . ; [[ Historia de los protestantes espanoles ]]. ; [[ Tratado para confirmar los pobres cautivos de berberia en la Catolica y Antigua Fe y Religion (de Valera), author of Reina-Valera Edition ]]. ; [[ Los dos tratados del Papa, I de la misa (de Valera) ]]. ;

La version Reina Valera 1602 (texto original) - tal vez usted se sorprendera al descubrir que las palabras de las versiones modernas de la Reina Valera se han cambiado. La pregunta es si esto se logro a proposito o no. Hay algunos libros e informacion acerca de los cambios intencionales que se hicieron a algunas de las versiones modernas en Ingles, tal como se describe en la obra de [ Burgon] . ; [ More ] . ; [ Haldane] . ;.
o incluso algunos de los criticos mas moderno. Pero la eleccion de lo que la espiritualidad de una persona decide depende de ellos. Esto incluye las palabras elegidas en las versiones de las Sagradas Escrituras que eligieron. Obviamente, los resultados de esa eleccion se hara evidente tambien. Muchas versiones modernas de las Sagradas Escrituras se han encontrado ambiguo y confuso. En anycase, ahora usted puede hacer las comparaciones y los estudios de las palabras por si mismo.

A versao 1602 Reina Valera (texto original) - talvez voce ficara surpreso ao descobrir que as palavras das versoes modernas da Reina Valera ter sido alteradas. A questao e se ou nao isso foi feito de proposito ou nao. Existem alguns livros e informacoes sobre as mudancas intencionais que foram feitas algumas das modernas versoes em Ingles, tal como descrito na obra de de [ Burgon] . ; [ More ] . ; [ Haldane] . ;.

ou mesmo alguns dos criticos mais modernos. Mas a escolha do que a espiritualidade de uma pessoa a decidir isso e com eles. Isso inclui as palavras escolhidas, nas versoes das Sagradas Escrituras que eles escolheram. Obviamente, os resultados dessa escolha tambem sera evidente. Muitas versoes modernas das Sagradas Escrituras foram encontrados ambigua e confusa. Em anycase, agora voce pode fazer as comparacoes e estudos de palavras para si mesmo.

[[[ The 1602 Reina Valera NT version - nuevo (novo) testamento (original text) ]]]. ;

[[[ The 1602 Reina Valera OT version antiguo (velho) testamento (original text) ]]]. ;

(El Salterio (Psalms - Spanish and Hebrew) ) . ; ( or for the New Testament in Hebrew ) . ; (Geneva Bible (English) ) . ; (or the New Testament in Latin ). ; ( Greek - Griego) . ;


For information on the Reformation in Spain (in English), works include:

[[[ progress and suppression of the Reformation in Spain, in the sixteenth century]]] . ; [[[ Life and writings of reformer Juan de Valdes ]]] . ; [[[ Commentary on I Corinthians by Juan de Valdes ]]] . ;

For the reformation in Italy, [[ see here ]]. ; [ or here ]. ;


The 1602 Reina Valera version (original text) - You may be surprised to find out that the words of the modern versions of the Reina Valera have been changed. There seems to be much more to this than natural linguistic drift, or the standard changes that occur as language evolves. The question, when those changes are studied, is whether or not this was accomplished on purpose or not. There are some books and information about some intentional changes that were made to some of the modern versions in English, such as described in the work of [ Burgon] . ; [ More ] . ; [ Haldane] . ;.
or other accurate critics dealing with the original greek text such as Hoskier or Scrivener. But the choice of what spirituality a person decides upon is up to them. This includes the words chosen in the versions of the Holy Scriptures that they chose. Obviously, the results of that choice will be evident also. Many modern versions of Holy Scriptures have been found ambiguous and confusing. In anycase, now you can do the comparisons and the studies of words for yourself.


Una buena version historica de las Sagradas Escrituras (conocida como la version King James) en Ingles se puede encontrar , [ aqui ]. ;. (En el idioma Ingles), es el mayor diccionarios y definiciones de palabras que son los mas importantes. Tambien es la definicion mas antigua que hacer la mayor diferencia para usted, en relacion con las leyes, y la historia del derecho tambien. Mucha gente quiere cambios mayores leyes porque no lo entiendo. En la mayoria de las naciones mayores del imperio Ingles, las leyes antiguas son las que protegen a la persona comun, la persona promedio. Un muy buen diccionario para el estudio del idioma Ingles es la mas antigua diccionario de Webster, el autor, por ejemplo, su diccionario [[[ Volumen 1 ]]] . ; [[[ Volumen 2 ]]] . ; .

Uma boa versao historica das Escrituras Sagradas (conhecido como King James Version) em Ingles pode ser encontrado , [[ see here ]]. ;. (No idioma Ingles, e o mais dicionarios e definicoes de palavras que sao o mais importante. E tambem as definicoes mais velhos que fazem a diferenca para voce, sobre as leis, e da historia do direito tambem. Muitas pessoas querem mudancas nas leis, mais velhos, porque eles nao entendem. Na maioria das nacoes mais antigas do Imperio Ingles, as leis mais velhos sao os que protegem o individuo comum, a pessoa media. Um dicionario muito bom para o estudo do idioma Ingles e o mais velho dicionario

Webster do autor, por exemplo, seu dicionario [[[ Volume 1 ]]] . ; [[[ Volume 2 ]]] . ; .

The historic KJV version in English can be found [ here] . ; . A very good dictionary for the study of the English language is the work of Webster, dicionario [[ Volume 1 ]] . ; [[ Volume 2 ]] . ; .

Ceux qui veulent le livre historique standard sur l'exactitude des manuscrits du vieux testament peuvent trouver ce livre
( ici ) . ;. Ils peuvent egalement trouver plus d'informations dans le travail de Ginsburg [ Tome # 1 ] . ; [ Tome # 2 ] . ;.

Los que quieren el libro historico estandar en la exactitud de los manuscritos del viejo testamento pueden encontrar ese libro (aqui). ;.. Pueden tambien encontrar mas informacion en el trabajo de Ginsburg (Jacob ben Chajim) [ Tomo # 1 ] . ; [ Tomo # 2 ] . ;.

Aqueles que querem o livro historico padrao na exatidao dos manuscritos do testamento velho podem encontrar esse livro ( aqui ) . ;.. Podem igualmente encontrar mais informacao no trabalho de Ginsburg (Ibn Adonijah) [ Tomo 1 ] . ; [ Tomo 2 ] . ;.

Zij die het standaard historische boek op de nauwkeurigheid van de manuscripten van het Oude Testament willen kunnen dat boek [ hier ] . ;. vinden. Zij kunnen meer informatie in het werk van Ginsburg [ Vol. 1 ] . ; [ Vol. 2 ] . ;.ook vinden .

Reviewer: 2tellornot - favoritefavorite - July 7, 2010
Subject: Nestle's version, and its effect on the reader ?
There is plenty of material available here on dealing with the Jehovah’s Witness perspective. The challenge however, is when the J.W.s simply pull out THEIR interlinear which – after all – simply uses the Nestle-Aland Greek Text, and then they read it as they do. [just do a search online on the 17 missing verses of the NIV, and how the NIV “coincidentally” matches up with the alterations in the J.W. version (the New World Translation). The Older Versions of the Jehovah Witness edition used Codex Sinaiticus, which explains a lot about how they went so far afield (among other things) ].

The problem would be solved if the Evangelicals would simply stick to their genuine historic New Testament in Koine Greek. Nestle was a student and co-worker with Tischendorf. Tischendorf was an opponent of the Reformation, Historic Christianity, and the Bible. ( Ever found any reference where Tischendorf ever claimed to know Jesus Christ as his personal Lord and Savior ? Good luck ! )

Tischendorf is the one who claimed discovery for the rejected manuscript now called Codex Sinaiticus.
All praise to Tischendorf ??? All praise to Nestle ?

How does that verse go ?

Nestle is my shepherd, I shall not want. … (was that “too much” of a paraphrase ? it seemed like the dynamic equivalence of the attitude of too many Seminary Professors, and their errant Shepherds, found in abundance in the 27th book of the N.T.)

Nestle’s version cannot be questioned as he has found Vatican infallibility. Touch not the Lord’s anointed. Only…whose Lord ? Who appeareth as an Angel of Light ?

To an academic world seeking to reject the historic Bible, Tischendorf’s “discovery” put him at the top of the Academic ladder in the German universities which had been leading the assault on Christianity and the Old and New Testaments.

How many verse would YOU freely change, alter, erase, modify, insert or leave out ???

Upon finding Codex Sinaiticus, Tichendorf made more than Three Thousand Five Hundred - 3500 - changes to content of the Bible, his own collation of the Greek New Testament . Nestle used Both the work of Westcott and Hort, AND the work of Tischendorf [Codex Sinaiticus] in what is now the Nestle-Aland. This should be a surprise to no One. Nestle SAYS that he used the collations of Tischendorf, and Westcott and Hort, on PAGE ONE of this New Testament.

Others previously had suggested many problems with Vaticanus based manuscripts, such as:

The English Revisers' [Wescott - Hort] Greek Text: Shown to be Unauthorized, Except by [errant] Egyptian Copies Discarded

This Nestle Edition is also the 1904 edition, which was the First one that the Bible Societies decided to use as a SUBSTITUTE for the historic Textus Receptus, that had kept Christians spiritually strong and equipped.

But we should not skip over the implication of Nestle’s work :

the Text of Nestle [Nestle-Aland] is a collation, an INVENTION of Nestle, that did not exist before he invented and published it. And it is different from the Historic ancient manuscripts of the Church in THOUSANDS of places.

So congratulations. Those who are using the work of Nestle are basing their relationship with God, [according to them] on a Greek Text that did not exist before the work of Westcott and Hort, except in the rejected Codex Vaticanus, which is known to have been changed and modified by at least TEN different copyists, in that very manuscript.

[oldest most complete Greek manuscript it was said, but NOT by ONE author, with much omitted and many books of the Apocrypha included] .

The Work of the BFBS concerning its dealings with the Apocrypha was previously addressed in Statement of the Bible Society concerning the Apocrypha, at

Westcott and Hort used Codex Vaticanus as the basis for their translation, and Tischendorf used Codex Sinaiticus [and Nestle used BOTH]. But the further problem is that Codex Sinaiticus and Vaticanus contradict EACH OTHER, also in thousands of places. So Nestle just made up his own version, when he wanted to.

The Historic Greek Text [Textus Receptus] can be found in the copy (for example) of Scrivener [1860] at

Or in the Koine Greek New Testament [also Textus Receptus] published by Cura Wilson at

The qualifications of the Translators of the King James Bible Version of 1611, is available at

That statement - about the contradictions between Sinaiticus and Vaticanus needs documentation. It cannot simply be a statement without support. The data about the contradictions between Sinaiticus and Vaticanus
[which are in almost every line of both manuscripts ] can be found in the 2 Volume work by Professor Hoskier [U of Mich], in his “Codex B and its Allies”, which is also available online.

Codex B and its allies - Hoskier - Vol 1

Codex B and its allies - Hoskier - Vol 2

Those seeking a 1602 Spanish version that is accurate may find it here.

The original Spanish Reina Valera also very very different from the popularized [falsely titled] modern Reina Valera of 1960, which bears very little resemblance in content with the historic 1602 version.

Those familiar with the work of Burgon [Oxford] refuting the poor work of Westcott and Hort will find that in his more advanced work the Revision Revised, which is available at

Those not familiar with Burgon may wish to start with his more introductory

The traditional text of the Holy Gospels vindicated and established, at:

There is plenty more material dealing with these questions. But this should at least provide some information to those seeking to go a bit further. Don’t expect your seminary professors to back your inquiry. They obtained their job on the basis of their adherence to the Nestle-Aland. To do otherwise would endanger reputation, funding, scholarship, endowments, and publishing contracts. The world and the conditions that the past translators labored under, without glory, funds, or tenure, is very far removed from the comfortable ivory tower of those who will lead many to fall theologically asleep.

Reviewer: felix glenn - favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite - November 3, 2009
Subject: the true on original greek texts
I would like that the people try to find out by themself on greek original texts, to rebuke false knodledge, as jehova's witnesess doctrine.
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